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Graham WalkerThis is the website of Graham Walker, Dorset, UK who has had an interest in the early piano for over 30 years. He has undertaken the restoration of instruments for private collection and has also carried out research on early pianos and their makers over this period. This has been done alongside a career in management consultancy and performance management. Early retirement in 2007 enabled him to become more involved and he commissioned a cloth manufacturer to produce an authentic keyboard cloth. This cloth is the nearest match to an early 19th century piano cloth that can be made within modern manufacturing processes. It was initially produced for his requirements but it soon came in demand by others.  Further types of cloth have been replicated by request from makers and restorers.  These cloths can be purchased from the online shop on this website.  He has also undertaken some research into the leather used in early English pianos and is currently working in liaison with the Institute of Creative Leather Technology, Northampton University, UK with the objective of determining specifications. He is involved in supporting interest in the early piano and is passionate about ensuring that our heritage of early pianos collections in the UK can be maintained for the future.

Introduction

This Directory gives useful information about piano makers, merchants, and people in allied trades who were involved in piano manufacturing and marketing in London between 1760 and 1800.  The maker’s name given on the piano nameboard during this period was not always that of the actual maker and many instruments gave the name of the retail merchant.   During the latter part of the 18th century the popularity of the piano grew rapidly and this gave significant business opportunities for those who could take advantage.  Varied business arrangements formed between piano makers, musical supply warehouses and people in allied trades whereby the name given on the nameboard was not of the actual maker.  Often it is possible to identify the actual maker by the design characteristics of the instrument.

There are three levels of information. The top level gives a list of names in alphabetical order.  From each name, there is a drop-down table of standard data (including birth and death dates, business activity, business names and addresses together with associated dates).  Where the piano maker’s or merchant’s business continued into the 19th century this information is also given but shown in italics.   More detailed information is available for some makers and merchants from a link in the table.  (This may include biographical, business management, piano design or details of surviving instruments). 

The scope of this directory is to include information about the people whose name has been given on the nameboard of pianos made in London during this period but it also includes the name of others who played an important role in the piano industry.

Any comments or additional information is welcome.

John ADLEM

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:   Piano maker?

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   John Adlem 1793

Business Address:   40 King’s Street Soho 1793

Comments:    Adlem is recorded in James (1930), Harding (1933), and Clinkscale (1996) but there are not any known surviving instruments of this maker.  Reference to John Adlem has not been found in the rate books for this period at the Westminster Archives.

George ASTOR

Photo of George ASTOR
Biography

(1752-1813)

Business activity:   Woodwind instrument maker and music seller.  Piano merchant from the 1790’s possibly initially reselling square pianos made by John Geib and/or Thomas Culliford.

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   George Astor 1774-1798, George Astor & Co. 1798-1814, Astor & Horwood 1814-1821, C. Gerock, Astor and Co. 1821-1828, Christopher Gerock & Co. 1828-1835

Business Address:   26 Wynch Street 1774-1803, 79 Cornhill & 27 Tottenham Street, Fitzroy Square 1797-1814, 79 Cornhill 1814-1835, 76 Bishopsgate Street, 7 Gracechurch Street

More information about GEORGE ASTOR

Americus BACKERS

No Photo Available
Biography

           -1778)

Business activity:   Harpsichord and piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Americus Backers 1767-1778

Business Address:   Jermyn Street 1767-1778

 

James BALL

Photo of James BALL
Biography

(c1770-1819)

Business activity:   Piano and organ maker, music seller, publisher, and printer

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   James Ball 1788-c1818, Motta & Ball in 1794, James Ball & Son c1818-1824,  Edward Ball & Son 1824-1835

Business Address:   1 Duke Street 1788-1802, 26 Duke Street 1802-1808, 27 Duke Street  1808- 1835

More Information about James Ball

Thomas? BATES

Photo of Thomas? BATES
Biography

Business activity:   Piano merchant.  Possible business relationship with piano makers George Garcka and Thomas Tomkison

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Bates & Co. 1793

Business Address:   Corner of Edward Street. and Wardour Street

More information about Thomas? Bates

Arnold Frederick BECK

Photo of Arnold Frederick BECK
Biography

Business activity:   Square piano maker and music seller

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Frederick Beck 1772-1798, Beck & Corrie 1794

Business Address:   Hart Street (Business activity unknown) 1762-1766,  4 Broad St., Golden Square  1772-1784,   10 Broad St., Golden Square   1785-1798

Comments:   May have been making pianos before 1772

More information about Arnold Frederick Beck

Thomas BECK

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:   Square piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Frederick Beck 1790

Business Address:   10 Broad Street

Comments:   Thomas Beck was most likely a relation of Arnold Frederick Beck

 

Adam BEYER

Photo of Adam BEYER
Biography

(c1730-1804)

Business activity:   Piano maker (mostly square pianos but also grand pianos)

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Adam Beyer 1763-1798

Business Address:   Kempts Court, Piccadilly 1763 (Business activity unknown),  Compton Street, St. Annes, Soho  1766-1798.

Comments:   May have been making square pianos for piano merchants such as Longman & Co prior to making them under his own name

More information about Adam Beyer

Lorence BEYER

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:   Piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Adam Beyer

Business Address:   Compton Street, St. Anne’s Soho

 

 

Anne BLAND

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:    Music seller, printer, publisher (Piano merchant probably only as Bland & Weller)

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:    Anne Bland  1784-1792, Bland & Weller 1792-1818

Business Address:    23 Oxford Street  1784-1818

 

John BLAND

No Photo Available
Biography

(c1750c1840)

Business activity:    Music seller, printer, publisher and piano merchant

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:    John Bland 1776-1795

Business Address:    45 High Holborn

 

James Shudi BROADWOOD

Photo of James Shudi BROADWOOD
Biography

(1772-1851)

Business Activity:   Piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:    John Broadwood & Son 1795-1807, John Broadwood & Sons 1807-

Business address:  33 Great Pulteney Street and Bridle Lane 1773-1903,  69 Horseferry Road, Westminster, 2 Clement’s Lane, Conduit Street, George Street, 158 New Bond Street.

John BROADWOOD

Photo of John BROADWOOD
Biography

(1732-1812)

Business activity:    Harpsichord and piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:    John Broadwood 1773-1794,  John Broadwood & Son 1795-1807,  John Broadwood & Sons 1808-1932

Business Address:    33 Great Pulteney Street and Bridle Lane 1773-1903,  69 Horseferry Road, Westminster, 2 Clement’s Lane, Conduit Street, George Street, 158 New Bond Street

 

Francis Fane BRODERIP

Photo of Francis Fane BRODERIP
Biography

(c1750-1807)

Business activity:    Merchant (piano and other musical instruments, music publisher and seller)

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:    Longman, Lukey & Broderip (James Longman, Charles Lukey and Francis Fane Broderip) 1775-1776, Longman & Broderip (James Longman and Francis Fane Broderip) 1775-1796, Broderip & Wilkinson (Francis Fane Broderip and George Wilkinson) 1798-1811

Business Address:    Harp & Crown, 26 Cheapside 1775-1796, 13 Haymarket 1798-1811

 

Joseph BUCKINGER

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:   Piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Joseph Buckinger 1793-1809

Business Address:   443 The Strand

Gabriel BUNTEBART

Photo of Gabriel BUNTEBART
Biography

(          -1794)

Business activity:  Harpsichord and piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:  Zumpe & Buntebart 1769-1778,  Buntebart & Co., Buntebart & Sievers, 1783-1792   Gabriel Buntebart 1793-4

Business Address:  7 Princes Street, Hanover Square 1769-1994

Comments:  When Buntebart died in 1794 the business was continued by Thomas Henry Scharder, Buntebart’s forman and the firm later became Schader and Hartz until about 1802.

Samuel BURY

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:   Piano maker and music seller

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Samuel Bury & Co. 1787 -1794

Business Address:   113 Bishopsgate Within

George BUTTERY

No Photo Available
Biography

Business activity:  Paino maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to: George Buttery 1792

Business Address: Near St Martin-in-the-Fields

Muzio CLEMENTI

Photo of Muzio CLEMENTI
Biography

(1752-1832)

Business activity:   Composer, printer, publisher, music seller and musical instrument merchant.

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:   Longman, Clementi & Co.  (John Longman, Muzio Clementi, Frederick Augustus Hyde, Frederick William Collard, Josiah Banger and David Davis) 1798-1800, Muzio Clementi & Co. (Muzio Clementi, Josiah Banger, Frederick Augustus Hyde, Frederick William Collard and David Davis) 1800-1810, (Muzio Clementi, Josiah Banger, Frederick William Collard, David Davis and William Frederick Collard) 1811-1817, (Muzio Clementi, Frederick William Collard, David Davis and William Frederick Collard 1817-1823, Clementi, Collard & Collard  (Muzio Clementi, Frederick William Collard and William Fredwerick Collard) 1823-1831

Business Address:   26 Cheapside 1798-1831, 195 Tottenham Court Road 1798-1831 also ajoining property 193 probably used as living accommodation

Comments:  Clementi retired in 1831 and died in 1832 and the firm became Collard & Collard continuing at the same address.

Frederick William COLLARD

No Photo Available
Biography

( 1772 -1860)

Business activity:  Piano maker

Trading as, employed by or contracted to:  Longman & Broderip 1791-1796, Longman, Clementi & Co. (John Longman, Muzio Clementi, Frederick Augustus Hyde, Frederick William Collard, Josiah Banger and David Davis) 1798-1800, Clementi & Co. (Muzio Clementi, Josiah Banger, Frederick Augustus Hyde, Frederick William Collard and David Davis) 1800-1810, (Muzio Clementi, Josiah Banger, Frederick William Collard, David Davis and William Frederick Collard) 1811-1817, (Muzio Clementi, Frederick William Collard, David Davis and Willaim Fredferick Collard) 1817-1823. Collard & Collard (Muzio Clementi, Frederick William Collard and William Frederick Collard) 1817-1831, Collard & Collard 1831-1860.

Business Address:

Comments: When Frederick William Collard died in 1860 the firm passed to Frederick William Collard’s two nephews Frederick Willaim and Charles Collard.

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